2019 update of the WSES guidelines for management of Clostridioides (Clostridium) difficile infection in surgical patients

Massimo Sartelli*, Stefano Di Bella, Lynne V. McFarland, Sahil Khanna, Luis Furuya-Kanamori, Nadir Abuzeid, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan, Luca Ansaloni, Goran Augustin, Miklosh Bala, Offir Ben-Ishay, Walter L. Biffl, Stephen M. Brecher, Adrián Camacho-Ortiz, Miguel A. Caínzos, Shirley Chan, Jill R. Cherry-Bukowiec, Jesse Clanton, Federico Coccolini, Maria E. CocuzRaul Coimbra, Francesco Cortese, Yunfeng Cui, Jacek Czepiel, Zaza Demetrashvili, Isidoro Di Carlo, Salomone Di Saverio, Irina M. Dumitru, Christian Eckmann, Edward H. Eiland, Joseph D. Forrester, Gustavo P. Fraga, Jean L. Frossard, Donald E. Fry, Rita Galeiras, Wagih Ghnnam, Carlos A. Gomes, Ewen A. Griffiths, Xavier Guirao, Mohamed H. Ahmed, Torsten Herzog, Jae Il Kim, Tariq Iqbal, Arda Isik, Kamal M.F. Itani, Francesco M. Labricciosa, Yeong Y. Lee, Paul Juang, Aleksandar Karamarkovic, Peter K. Kim, Yoram Kluger, Ari Leppaniemi, Varut Lohsiriwat, Gustavo M. MacHain, Sanjay Marwah, John E. Mazuski, Gokhan Metan, Ernest E. Moore, Frederick A. Moore, Carlos A. Ordoñez, Leonardo Pagani, Nicola Petrosillo, Francisco Portela, Kemal Rasa, Miran Rems, Boris E. Sakakushev, Helmut Segovia-Lohse, Gabriele Sganga, Vishal G. Shelat, Patrizia Spigaglia, Pierre Tattevin, Cristian Tranà, Libor Urbánek, Jan Ulrych, Pierluigi Viale, Gian L. Baiocchi, Fausto Catena

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    90 Citations (Scopus)


    In the last three decades, Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) has increased in incidence and severity in many countries worldwide. The increase in CDI incidence has been particularly apparent among surgical patients. Therefore, prevention of CDI and optimization of management in the surgical patient are paramount. An international multidisciplinary panel of experts from the World Society of Emergency Surgery (WSES) updated its guidelines for management of CDI in surgical patients according to the most recent available literature. The update includes recent changes introduced in the management of this infection.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number8
    JournalWorld Journal of Emergency Surgery
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2019


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