A comparison of eating, exercise, shape, and weight related symptomatology in males with muscle dysmorphia and anorexia nervosa

Stuart B. Murray*, Elizabeth Rieger, Tom Hildebrandt, Lisa Karlov, Janice Russell, Evelyn Boon, Robert T. Dawson, Stephen W. Touyz

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    189 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In the context of the lack of nosological clarity surrounding muscle dysmorphia, this paper aims to compare the symptomatic profile of muscle dysmorphia and anorexia nervosa in males whilst using measures sensitive to indexing male body image concerns. Twenty-one male muscle dysmorphia patients, 24 male anorexia nervosa patients, and 15 male gym-using controls completed the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire, the Muscle Dysmorphia Disorder Inventory, the Compulsive Exercise Test, and a measure of appearance-enhancing substance use. Men with muscle dysmorphia and anorexia nervosa demonstrated widespread symptomatic similarities spanning the domains of disturbed body image, disordered eating, and exercise behaviour, whilst differences were consistent with the opposing physiques pursued in each condition. Furthermore, correlational analyses revealed significant associations between scores on muscle dysmorphia and eating disorder measures. The present findings provide moderate support for the notion that muscle dysmorphia may be nosologically similar to anorexia nervosa.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)193-200
    Number of pages8
    JournalBody Image
    Volume9
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012

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