A modified human development index and international comparison

Satya Paul*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


The paper proposes a modified human development index (HDI) which complies with the view of the Sen and others that an increase in the value of a physical indicator at a higher level represents a greater achievement than an equal increase in its value at the lower level. It also includes an infant survival rate, which is another important key indicator of development. The relative ranking of countries based on the modified index is significantly different from that based on the traditional HDI. This indicates the empirical usefulness of the proposed index.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)677-682
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Economics Letters
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1996
Externally publishedYes


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