Accurate effective temperatures of the metal-poor benchmark stars HD140283, HD122563, and HD103095 from CHARA interferometry

I. Karovicova*, T. R. White*, T. Nordlander, K. Lind*, L. Casagrande, M. J. Ireland, D. Huber, O. Creevey, D. Mourard, G. H. Schaefer, G. Gilmore, A. Chiavassa, M. Wittkowski, P. Jofré, U. Heiter, F. Thévenin, M. Asplund

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    40 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Large stellar surveys of the MilkyWay require validationwith reference to a set of 'benchmark' stars whose fundamental properties are well determined. For metal-poor benchmark stars, disagreement between spectroscopic and interferometric effective temperatures has called the reliability of the temperature scale into question. We present new interferometric measurements of three metal-poor benchmark stars, HD 140283, HD 122563, and HD 103095, from which we determine their effective temperatures. The angular sizes of all the stars were determined from observations with the PAVO beam combiner at visible wavelengths at the CHARA array, with additional observations of HD 103095 made with the VEGA instrument, also at the CHARA array. Together with photometrically derived bolometric fluxes, the angular diameters give a direct measurement of the effective temperature. For HD 140283, we find θLD= 0.324 ± 0.005 mas, Teff= 5787 ± 48 K; for HD 122563, θLD= 0.926 ± 0.011 mas, Teff= 4636±37 K; and for HD 103095, θLD=0.595±0.007 mas, Teff=5140±49 K. Our temperatures for HD 140283 and HD 103095 are hotter than the previous interferometric measurements by 253 and 322 K, respectively. We find good agreement between our temperatures and recent spectroscopic and photometric estimates. We conclude some previous interferometric measurements have been affected by systematic uncertainties larger than their quoted errors.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)L81-L85
    JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters
    Volume475
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018

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