Alleged Violations of Sovereign Rights and Maritime Spaces in the Caribbean Sea: Implications for the Customary International Law of the Sea

Frances Anggadi*, Camille Goodman, Natalie Klein, Donald R. Rothwell

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    The International Court of Justice’s judgment in Alleged Violations of Sovereign Rights and Maritime Spaces in the Caribbean Sea reflects one of the most significant contributions the Court has made to customary international law of the sea since the Anglo-Norwegian Fisheries case. This article assesses the Court’s findings in the 2022 judgment in relation to customary international law and the implications of the Court’s views for the law of the sea, especially as reflected in the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea. After providing a background to the legal proceedings between Nicaragua and Colombia, the discussion focuses on the respective rights and duties of states within the exclusive economic zone, artisanal fishing rights, straight baselines, and the contiguous zone. The article concludes with reflections on the interaction of the Court’s judgment with the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)277-303
    Number of pages27
    JournalOcean Development and International Law
    Volume54
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2023

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