Amyloid aggregation and membrane activity of the antimicrobial peptide uperin 3.5

Lisandra L. Martin*, Clemens Kubeil, Stefania Piantavigna, Tarun Tikkoo, Nicholas P. Gray, Torsten John, Antonio N. Calabrese, Yanqin Liu, Yuning Hong, Mohammed A. Hossain, Nitin Patil, Bernd Abel, Ralf Hoffmann, John H. Bowie, John A. Carver

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    28 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Amyloid fibrils are highly ordered, β-sheet rich forms of aggregated peptides and proteins that are associated with a variety of pathological human disorders, including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. Amyloid fibril-forming peptides may be functionally related to antimicrobial peptides, despite differing significantly in sequence and structure. Specifically, their interaction with lipid membranes has mechanistic similarities. The 17-amino acid peptide uperin 3.5 (U3.5) from an Australian amphibian is antimicrobial and amyloidogenic. Using a quartz crystal microbalance, we investigated the interaction of U3.5 with artificial membranes and found that (i) the membrane interaction of U3.5 is independent of the peptide's aggregation state, (ii) the presence of cholesterol in the membrane dramatically alters peptide–membrane interaction leading to a transmembrane pore-like arrangement of U3.5, and (iii) electrostatic interaction is important for the membrane activity of U3.5 whereby removal of the positive charge at position 7 of U3.5 enhanced its fibrillar aggregation and ablated its membrane interaction, i.e. there is an inverse relationship between the antimicrobial and amyloidogenic properties of U3.5.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere24052
    JournalPeptide Science
    Volume110
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - May 2018

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