An acquired defect associated with abnormal signaling of the platelet collagen receptor glycoprotein VI

Jianlin Qiao, Jane F. Arthur, Margaret Collecutt, Yang Shen, Fi Tjen Mu, Michael C. Berndt, Amanda K. Davis, Robert K. Andrews, Elizabeth E. Gardiner*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Ligands acting at the platelet collagen receptor, glycoprotein (GP)VI, induce intracellular FcRγ/Syk-dependent signaling pathways and Syk-dependent or Syk-independent generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). Additional signaling-dependent or signaling-independent pathways lead to metalloproteinase-mediated shedding of GPVI. Aim: Analysis of platelet GPVI expression and signaling in a patient with a collagen-selective defect associated with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) uniquely demonstrates divergent pathways leading to ROS generation and Syk phosphorylation in human platelets. Methods: Surface expression of GPVI and ligand-induced ROS generation was quantitated by flow cytometry. GPVI shedding and Syk phosphorylation were analyzed by Western blot. Results: Despite platelet count/size and GPVI surface expression within normal ranges, platelet-rich plasma showed no aggregation in response to collagen or GPVI-selective agonist collagen-related peptide, but aggregated in response to other agonists, consistent with dysfunctional GPVI signaling. We observed rapid GPVI-dependent Syk-independent ROS generation and disulfide-dependent GPVI homodimerization, but not Syk-dependent ROS or ligand-induced shedding. Temporal analysis showed a gradual decline in platelet count and the appearance of ligand-induced phosphorylation of an ∼40-kDa Syk fragment. Conclusions: These studies show that GPVI ligation in platelets induces intracellular ROS production independent of either Syk activation or divergent pathways leading to platelet aggregation or ectodomain shedding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-241
Number of pages9
JournalActa Haematologica
Volume128
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes

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