## Abstract

We address the problem of determining the stationary distribution of the multi-allelic, neutral-evolution Wright–Fisher model in the diffusion limit. A full solution to this problem for an arbitrary K×K mutation rate matrix involves solving for the stationary solution of a forward Kolmogorov equation over a (K−1)-dimensional simplex, and remains intractable. In most practical situations mutations rates are slow on the scale of the diffusion limit and the solution is heavily concentrated on the corners and edges of the simplex. In this paper we present a practical approximate solution for slow mutation rates in the form of a set of line densities along the edges of the simplex. The method of solution relies on parameterising the general non-reversible rate matrix as the sum of a reversible part and a set of (K−1)(K−2)/2 independent terms corresponding to fluxes of probability along closed paths around faces of the simplex. The solution is potentially a first step in estimating non-reversible evolutionary rate matrices from observed allele frequency spectra.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 22-32 |

Number of pages | 11 |

Journal | Theoretical Population Biology |

Volume | 112 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 1 Dec 2016 |