Anapole nanolasers for mode-locking and ultrafast pulse generation

Juan S. Totero Gongora, Andrey E. Miroshnichenko, Yuri S. Kivshar*, Andrea Fratalocchi

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    189 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Nanophotonics is a rapidly developing field of research with many suggestions for a design of nanoantennas, sensors and miniature metadevices. Despite many proposals for passive nanophotonic devices, the efficient coupling of light to nanoscale optical structures remains a major challenge. In this article, we propose a nanoscale laser based on a tightly confined anapole mode. By harnessing the non-radiating nature of the anapole state, we show how to engineer nanolasers based on InGaAs nanodisks as on-chip sources with unique optical properties. Leveraging on the near-field character of anapole modes, we demonstrate a spontaneously polarized nanolaser able to couple light into waveguide channels with four orders of magnitude intensity than classical nanolasers, as well as the generation of ultrafast (of 100 fs) pulses via spontaneous mode locking of several anapoles. Anapole nanolasers offer an attractive platform for monolithically integrated, silicon photonics sources for advanced and efficient nanoscale circuitry.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number15535
    JournalNature Communications
    Volume8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2017

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