Atom lasers: Production, properties and prospects for precision inertial measurement

N. P. Robins*, P. A. Altin, J. E. Debs, J. D. Close

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    88 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We review experimental progress on atom lasers out-coupled from Bose-Einstein condensates, and consider the properties of such beams in the context of precision inertial sensing. The atom laser is the matter-wave analogue of the optical laser. Both devices rely on Bose-enhanced scattering to produce a macroscopically populated trapped mode that is output-coupled to produce an intense beam. In both cases, the beams often display highly desirable properties such as low divergence, high spectral flux and a simple spatial mode that make them useful in practical applications, as well as the potential to perform measurements at or below the quantum projection noise limit. Both devices display similar second-order correlations that differ from thermal sources. Because of these properties, atom lasers are a promising source for application to precision inertial measurements.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)265-296
    Number of pages32
    JournalPhysics Reports
    Volume529
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 20 Aug 2013

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