Axial force imparted by a current-free magnetically expanding plasma

Kazunori Takahashi*, Trevor Lafleur, Christine Charles, Peter Alexander, Rod W. Boswell

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    38 Citations (Scopus)


    The axial force imparted from a magnetically expanding, current-free, radiofrequency plasma is directly measured. For an argon gas flow rate of 25 sccm and an effective rf input power of ∼ 800 W, a maximum force of ∼ 6 mN is obtained; ∼ 3 mN of which is transmitted via the expanding magnetic field. The measured forces are reasonably compared with a simple fluid model associated with the measured electron pressure. The model suggests that the total force is the sum of an electron pressure inside the source and a Lorentz force due to the electron diamagnetic drift current and the applied radial magnetic field. It is shown that the Lorentz force is greatest near the magnetic nozzle surface where the radial pressure gradient is largest.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number083509
    JournalPhysics of Plasmas
    Issue number8
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012


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