Basement correlation across the southernmost Baltic Sea: Geochemical and geochronological evidence from onshore and offshore deep drill cores, northern Poland

Ewa Krzemińska, Åke E. Johansson, Leszek Krzemiński, Janina Wiszniewska, Ian S. Williams, Zdzisław Petecki, Sylwester Salwa

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    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    New zircon U-Pb age measurements, whole rock major and trace element geochemistry, and Sr and Nd isotopic analyses of samples from fourteen deep drill holes that penetrated the hidden Precambrian basement of the southernmost Baltic Sea and the coastal area of northern Poland (Pomerania), make it possible to identify a two episodes of Proterozoic magmatism in that area. The basement consists of late Palaeoproterozoic deformed calc-alkaline, magnesian, I-type to A-type diorites to granites of volcanic arc affinity. U-Pb zircon geochronology documents their magmatic crystallization ages to be between 1791 ± 8 Ma and 1750 ± 5 Ma, with an episode of syn- to late-magmatic deformation recorded in thin overgrowths on zircons at about 1740 Ma. These rocks from Pomerania and its offshore area broadly correlate with the bedrock of Blekinge in southern Sweden, where most of the crust was formed at 1.77–1.75 Ga. They may thus be part of the same geological domain, extending on both sides of the present-day southern Baltic Sea, formed along a late Palaeoproterozoic active continental margin. A subordinate suite of undeformed, significantly younger A-type granites was emplaced at 1477 ± 6 Ma, 1449 ± 7 Ma and 1450 ± 9 Ma. This time interval is concurrent with emplacement of A-type granitoids on the Danish island of Bornholm as well as in Blekinge and other parts of southern Fennoscandia. However, their geochemical and isotopic data highlight a genetic diversity of these granites.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number106300
    JournalPrecambrian Research
    Volume362
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2021

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