Bootstrapping longitudinal data with multiple levels of variation

P. Y. O'Shaughnessy*, A. H. Welsh

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)


    A set of estimators for model parameters in the framework of linear mixed models is considered for longitudinal data with multiple levels of random variation. Various bootstrap methods are assessed for making inference about the parameters including the variance components for which, typically, bootstrap confidence intervals show undercoverage. A new weighted estimating equation bootstrap, which uses different weight schemes for different parameter estimators, is proposed. It shows improved variance estimation for the variance component estimators and produces confidence intervals with better coverage for the variance components in cases with normal and non-normal errors.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)117-131
    Number of pages15
    JournalComputational Statistics and Data Analysis
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018


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