Building an Adequate but Sustainable Retirement Incomes System

Andrew Podger, Michael Keating

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Australias retirement incomes system has been dominated for over 100 years by a flat-rate, means-tested, general revenue-financed age pension. This has been very effective in protecting the elderly from poverty and limiting the costs to government. The system has not, however, effectively addressed a second key objective of maintaining living standards in retirement because of its poorly regulated occupational superannuation arrangements and the absence of a social insurance scheme. Over recent decades, Australia has pioneered an alternative approach to address this second objective to other countries public, defined-benefit (social insurance) pension schemes that have proven to present significant financial burdens particularly with demographic change. This alternative approach draws on the World Banks multi-pillar framework, supplementing the age pension foundation pillar, not with social insurance but with a set of private pillars: mandated private contributions, optional private contributions and additional private savings, particularly through home ownership.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHybrid Public Policy Innovations: Contemporary Policy Beyond Ideology
EditorsMark Fabian and Robert Breunig
Place of PublicationLondon
Edition1st edition
ISBN (Print)9780815371809
Publication statusPublished - 2018


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