Ceasing ceasefire? Kachin politics beyond the stalemates

Nicholas Farrelly*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

    11 Citations (Scopus)


    Myanmar carries the tragic distinction of hosting the world's longest-running civil wars. These conflicts — some of which commenced almost immediately after the Second World War — have frustrated attempts to bring about lasting and peaceful resolutions. The civil wars colour relations between the country's ethnic minorities, who make up around one-third of the population, and the ethnic Burmans who are the majority. Inter-ethnic battles have seen countless casualties as all sides struggle to defend competing visions of pride, power, and position. But periods of relative stability, without regular violence, have also shaped the political landscape. For the past two decades, Burma's unresolved wars have been characterized, in large part, by ceasefire agreements that discouraged direct hostility and confrontation. The 1988 disintegration of the Communist Party of Burma generated a suite of militia groups, often labelled with the ethnicity of their respective leaderships, that the world came to know through the prism of their ceasefires with the Myanmar government.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationMyanmar's Transition
    Subtitle of host publicationOpenings, Obstacles and Opportunities
    PublisherInstitute of Southeast Asian Studies
    Number of pages20
    ISBN (Electronic)9789814414173
    ISBN (Print)9789814414159
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012


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