Chemical Properties of the Local Disk and Halo. II. Abundances of 3745 M Dwarfs and Subdwarfs from Improved Model Fitting of Low-resolution Spectra

Neda Hejazi, Sébastien Lépine, Thomas Nordlander

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    Abstract

    We present a model-fit pipeline to determine the stellar parameters of M-type dwarfs, which is an improvement on our previous work described in Hejazi et al. We apply this pipeline to analyze the low-resolution (R ∼2000) spectra of 3745 M dwarfs/subdwarfs, collected at the MDM Observatory, Lick Observatory, Kitt Peak National Observatory, and Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory. We examine the variation of the inferred parameter values in the H-R diagram constructed from their Gaia Early Data Release 3 (EDR3) parallaxes and optical magnitudes. We also study the distribution of our stars in the abundance diagram of [α/Fe] versus [M/H] and inspect the variation of their metallicity class, effective temperature, and surface gravity, as well as their Galactic velocity components U, V, and W, in this diagram. In addition, the analyses of the stars' projected motions in the two-dimensional UV, VW, and UW planes, the variation of their chemical parameters in these planes, and their distribution in the abundance-velocity diagrams are important parts of this study. The precision of our model-fit pipeline is confirmed by the clear stratification of effective temperature and chemical parameters in the H-R diagram; the similarity of the stars' distribution in the [α/Fe] versus [M/H] diagram and in the metallicity-velocity planes to those from other studies; the revealing of substructure in the abundance-velocity diagrams; and chemical homogeneity between the components of a set of binary systems.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number122
    JournalAstrophysical Journal
    Volume927
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2022

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