Configurational temperature thermostat for fluids undergoing shear flow: Application to liquid chlorine

Jerome Delhommelle*, Denis J. Evans

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    30 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Non-equilibrium molecular dynamics (NEMD) simulations play a major role in characterizing the rheological properties of fluids undergoing shear flow. However, all previous studies of flows in molecular fluids either use an 'atomic' thermostat which makes incorrect assumptions concerning the streaming velocity of atoms within their constituent molecules, or they employ a centre of mass kinetic (COM) thermostat which only controls the temperature of relatively few degrees of freedom (3) in complex high molecular weight compounds. In the present paper we show how recently developed configurational expressions for the thermodynamic temperature can be used to develop thermostating mechanisms which avoid both of these problems. In this work, we propose a thermostat based on a configurational expression for the temperature and apply it to NEMD simulations of chlorine undergoing Couette flow. The results so obtained are compared with those obtained using a COM kinetic thermostat. At equilibrium the properties of systems thermostatted in the two different ways are of course equivalent. We show that the two responses only differ far from equilibrium. In particular, we show that the formation of a string phase for extremely high shear rates is an artefact of the COM thermostat. At the largest shear rates studied with the configurational thermostat, no string phase is observed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1825-1829
    Number of pages5
    JournalMolecular Physics
    Volume99
    Issue number21
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 10 Nov 2001

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