Contexts of natural-cultural history: a 3500-year record at Ritidian in Guam

Michael Carson

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


    The Ritidian Site in Guam holds a full-spectrum record of 3500 years of natural and cultural history of the Mariana Islands, now preserved within the Ritidian Unit of Guam National Wildlife Refuge. The site has produced substantive information from each major episode of human-environment relations in the remote Pacific Islands region. Ritidian ranks among the oldest of all known archaeological sites where human beings first lived in a Remote Oceanic environment, about 3500 years ago. The site contains abundant material evidence about the interplay between cultural activities and environmental change over the following centuries and millennia. The resulting high-resolution integrated natural-cultural history is so far unparalleled in the region. This summary reviews the holistic chronological sequence at Ritidian, proposes new research questions, and relates this information in larger contexts.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationGuam's Hidden Gem: Archaeological and historical studies at Ritidian
    EditorsMike T. Carson
    Place of PublicationOxford
    ISBN (Print)9781407313054
    Publication statusPublished - 2014


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