Control of salt transport from roots to shoots of wheat in saline soil

Shazia Husain, Susanne Von Caemmerer, Rana Munns*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    77 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Wheat genotypes with 5-fold difference in shoot Na+ concentrations were studied over a salinity range of 1-150 mM NaCl and CaCl 2 of 0.5-10 mM to assess their performance in saline and sodic soils. All genotypes had a maximum shoot Na+ concentration at 50 mM external NaCl when the supplemental Ca2+ provided an activity of 1 mM or more. Shoot Na+ concentrations either stayed constant from 50 to 150 mM external NaCl, or decreased in some genotypes at the higher salinity. Calculated rates of root uptake, and root: shoot transport, were at a maximum at 50 mM NaCl in all genotypes, and decreased at higher NaCl in some genotypes, indicating feedback regulation. K+ showed a pattern inverse to that of Na+. Cl- uptake and transport rates increased linearly with increasing salinity, and differed little between genotypes. Increasing external Ca2+ concentration reduced the accumulation of Na + in the shoot, the effects being greater in the low Na+ genotypes, and greater as the salinity increased, indicating that the plateau in shoot Na+ concentration relied on the maintenance of a minimal Ca2+ activity of 1 mM. Increasing external Ca2+ concentration did not reduce the root Na+ concentration, however, suggesting that Ca2+ influenced the loading of Na+ in the xylem.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1115-1126
    Number of pages12
    JournalFunctional Plant Biology
    Volume31
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2004

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