(Counter-)terrorism and hybridity

Fiona De Londras*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This chapter illustrates the hybrid nature of terrorism and counter-terrorism as mechanisms of resistance within asymmetrical power relationships and, through considering its combination of measures and engaged actors, to illustrate the critical usefulness of conceptualising counter-terrorism as a hybrid phenomenon. The approaches at national, regional and international level indicate the contemporary nature of counter-terrorism as a hybrid activity that envelops and transcends the national and international, public and private, law and non-law. Contemporary counter-terrorism can be accurately characterised as, to at least some extent, a partnership between public and private actors. To characterise counter-terrorism as being neither legal nor extra-legal is to allude to two different traits of counter-terrorism: first, the use of instruments and modalities beyond law for the purposes of countering terrorism, and second engagement in activities that do not have a clear legal grounding in the name of counter-terrorism.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHybridity
Subtitle of host publicationLaw, Culture and Development
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9781317202905
ISBN (Print)9781138673427
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes


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