COVID-19, food security and trade: The case of Indonesia

Arianto Patunru, Felippa Amanta

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Food security has long been a contentious issue in Indonesia. As the country has graduated into the upper middle income group it still has to deal with ensuring peoples access to food. The self-sufficiency ambition exacerbates this situation, as policies taken are often protectionist in nature, resulting in high domestic prices and thus hurting the poor, whose access to affordable food deteriorates. Now, the COVID-19 pandemic may further amplify food insecurity, leading to chronic hunger and lasting developmental challenges. We discuss the impact of the pandemic on Indonesias food security by examining the global and regional food trade along with Indonesias domestic food policies. We argue that the COVID-19 pandemic exposes the vulnerability in Indonesias food systems, especially in terms of declining production trends, inadequate distribution capacity and trade limitations. Needed reforms include inviting more investment, supporting diversification of food supply, easing food trade flows and working with other countries to ensure regional food security.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEconomic Dimensions of COVID-19 in Indonesia: Responding to the Crisis
EditorsLewis Blane, Firman Witoelar
Place of PublicationSingapore
PublisherISEAS - Yusof Ishak Institute
ISBN (Print)Economic Dimensions
Publication statusPublished - 2021


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