Decay properties of high-spin isomers and other structures in Sb121 and Sb123

H. Watanabe*, G. J. Lane, G. D. Dracoulis, T. Kibédi, A. P. Byrne, P. Nieminen, R. O. Hughes, F. G. Kondev, M. P. Carpenter, R. V.F. Janssens, T. Lauritsen, D. Seweryniak, S. Zhu, P. Chowdhury, C. B. Moon

*Corresponding author for this work

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    High-spin states populated in the decay of microsecond isomers in the transitional nuclei Sb121 and Sb123 have been investigated in detail in several experiments using γ-ray and electron spectroscopy. The nuclei were formed using multinucleon transfer and fusion-fission reactions with Xe136 beams and also using the Sn120(Li7,α2n)Sb121 and Sn122(Li7,α2n)Sb123 incomplete-fusion reactions. Isomeric half-lives ranging from several nanoseconds to a few hundred microseconds were determined by means of conventional decay curve analyses, whereas very short-lived isomers (T1/2~1 ns) were identified using the generalized centroid-shift method. A number of new transitions were observed, including a branch through spherical states from the 19/2+ member of the 9/2+ deformed band in Sb121, in competition with the main decay path through the rotational band. This is attributed to mixing between the 19/2+ band member and a 19/2+ spherical state. Both levels are predicted to coincide approximately in energy in Sb121. The fact that a 25/2+ isomer occurs for A=121 and the lighter isotopes, while a 23/2+ isomer is observed for A=123-131 is explained through a multistate mixing calculation, taking into account the gradual shift of the 2d5/2 and 1g7/2 proton orbitals and the change in proton-neutron effective interactions from an attractive particle-particle type in the lower part of the shell to a repulsive particle-hole type with increasing the neutron number toward the N=82 shell closure. The observed enhancement of the B(E2;19/2-→15/2-) values in Sb121 and Sb123 over the B(E2;7-→5-) values in the corresponding Sn cores is discussed in terms of configuration mixing between spherical and deformed states.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number024306
    JournalPhysical Review C - Nuclear Physics
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2 Feb 2009


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