Deliberate self-harm, substance use, and negative affect in nonclinical samples: A systematic review

Carl I. Moller, Robert J. Tait*, Don G. Byrne

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    45 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background and Method: A systematic literature review was conducted to examine associations between self-harm, substance use, and negative affect in nonclinical samples. Results: Forty-two articles describing 36 studies were identified that met the inclusion criteria. Findings indicated that individuals who engage in substance use are significantly more likely to engage in self-harm. It was also found that negative affective states such as depression and anxiety are consistently associated with self-harm. Conclusions: These findings provide some guidance in identifying those who are at increased risk of self-harm. Reducing these risk factors could be an important strategy in preventing self-harm behavior in the general population.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)188-207
    Number of pages20
    JournalSubstance Abuse
    Volume34
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2013

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