Divergent evolutionary trajectories following speciation in two ectoparasitic honey bee mites

Maeva A. Techer*, Rahul V. Rane, Miguel L. Grau, John M.K. Roberts, Shawn T. Sullivan, Ivan Liachko, Anna K. Childers, Jay D. Evans, Alexander S. Mikheyev

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    44 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Multispecies host-parasite evolution is common, but how parasites evolve after speciating remains poorly understood. Shared evolutionary history and physiology may propel species along similar evolutionary trajectories whereas pursuing different strategies can reduce competition. We test these scenarios in the economically important association between honey bees and ectoparasitic mites by sequencing the genomes of the sister mite species Varroa destructor and Varroa jacobsoni. These genomes were closely related, with 99.7% sequence identity. Among the 9,628 orthologous genes, 4.8% showed signs of positive selection in at least one species. Divergent selective trajectories were discovered in conserved chemosensory gene families (IGR, SNMP), and Halloween genes (CYP) involved in moulting and reproduction. However, there was little overlap in these gene sets and associated GO terms, indicating different selective regimes operating on each of the parasites. Based on our findings, we suggest that species-specific strategies may be needed to combat evolving parasite communities.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number357
    JournalCommunications Biology
    Volume2
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019

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