Earth system justice needed to identify and live within Earth system boundaries

Joyeeta Gupta*, Diana Liverman, Klaudia Prodani, Paulina Aldunce, Xuemei Bai, Wendy Broadgate, Daniel Ciobanu, Lauren Gifford, Chris Gordon, Margot Hurlbert, Cristina Y.A. Inoue, Lisa Jacobson, Norichika Kanie, Steven J. Lade, Timothy M. Lenton, David Obura, Chukwumerije Okereke, Ilona M. Otto, Laura Pereira, Johan RockströmJoeri Scholtens, Juan Rocha, Ben Stewart-Koster, J. David Tàbara, Crelis Rammelt, Peter H. Verburg

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    51 Citations (Scopus)


    Living within planetary limits requires attention to justice as biophysical boundaries are not inherently just. Through collaboration between natural and social scientists, the Earth Commission defines and operationalizes Earth system justice to ensure that boundaries reduce harm, increase well-being, and reflect substantive and procedural justice. Such stringent boundaries may also affect ‘just access’ to food, water, energy and infrastructure. We show how boundaries may need to be adjusted to reduce harm and increase access, and challenge inequality to ensure a safe and just future for people, other species and the planet. Earth system justice may enable living justly within boundaries.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)630-638
    Number of pages9
    JournalNature Sustainability
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 2 Mar 2023


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