East Asian monsoon evolution since the late Miocene from the South China Sea

Congcong Gai, Qingsong Liu*, Andrew P. Roberts, Yumin Chou, Xixi Zhao, Zhaoxia Jiang, Jianxing Liu

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    40 Citations (Scopus)


    The South China Sea (SCS) has become a global focus for paleoclimatic and paleoceanographic studies due to its location, which makes it highly sensitive to the East Asian monsoon and to Pacific Ocean changes. We present here a refined magnetostratigraphy for the last 6.5 Ma for Hole U1431D, which was recovered during IODP Expedition 349 in the central SCS. Magnetic analyses demonstrate that magnetite is the dominant magnetic carrier except for within a greigite-bearing layer at 130.5-132.0 meters below sea floor. The greigite layer coincides with the timing of intensification of northern hemisphere glaciation and records an oceanographic response to this event. Environmental magnetic results indicate that the East Asian summer and winter monsoon were stable from 6.5 to 5 Ma. The summer monsoon intensified at 5 Ma, and then weakened gradually since 3.8 Ma. In contrast, the winter monsoon weakened at 5 Ma, and has then been enhanced since 3.8 Ma and more stable from 0.6 Ma. Spectral analysis indicates that the East Asian summer monsoon was driven directly by low-latitude insolation changes before ∼3.2 Ma, and that it has been affected by both low-latitude insolation and high-latitude ice volume changes since ∼3.2 Ma.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number115960
    JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2020


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