Ediacaran Águas Belas pluton, Northeastern Brazil: Evidence on age, emplacement and magma sources during Gondwana amalgamation

Adejardo F. da Silva Filho*, Ignez P. Guimarães, Valderez P. Ferreira, Richard Armstrong, Alcides N. Sial

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    26 Citations (Scopus)


    Ediacaran syenogranites from the Águas Belas pluton, Borborema Province, Northeastern Brazil were investigated in this work. The studied granitoids show high SiO2, Fe# [FeO / (FeO + MgO)], total alkalis (K2O + Na2O) and BaO contents and medium Sr and low Nb contents. They show gentle fractionated rare earth patterns with discrete Eu negative anomalies. Major and trace element data point to chemical features of transitional high-K calc-alkaline to alkaline post-collisional magmatism. Structural data coupled with geochronological data suggest that NNE-SSW-trending sinistral movements at shear zones were initiated at ca. 590 Ma and have activated E-W pre-existing structures at the current crustal level. The synchronism of these shear zones allowed the dilation to generate the necessary space for the emplacement of the Águas Belas pluton. U-Pb SHRIMP zircon data show a cluster of ages around 588 ± 4 Ma which is interpreted as the crystallization age. Some zircon grain cores yielded ages within 2060-1860 Ma and 1670-1570 Ma intervals. Oxygen isotope compositions of zircon grains with distinct ages were measured using SHRIMP techniques. Twenty three analyses in the same zircon spots previously analyzed for U-Pb show δ18O values ranging from 5.79‰ to 10.30‰ SMOW. This large range of values results from variations both between grains and within grains (core-mantle/rim), and is interpreted as the result of mixing of components with distinct oxygen isotope compositions. The U-Pb zircon ages and the δ18O values associated with Paleoproterozoic Nd TDM model ages suggest that the protolith of these granitoids involved a mantle component (Paleoproterozoic lithospheric mantle), Paleoproterozoic and Mesoproterozoic igneous rocks. Interactions with Mesoproterozoic or Neoproterozoic supracrustal rocks, may have occurred during the intrusion. The resulting magma evolved through biotite and K-feldspar fractionation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)676-687
    Number of pages12
    JournalGondwana Research
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - May 2010


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