Efficacy of non-compliant balloon post-dilation in optimization of contemporary stents: A digital stent enhancement study

Jaya Chandrasekhar*, Christopher Allada, Simon O'Connor, Moyazur Rahman, Bruce Shadbolt, Ahmad Farshid

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Background: There is no evidence from randomized trials for the benefit of routine non-compliant balloon (NCB) post-dilation after stent deployment. Despite being the gold standard, intravascular ultrasound is infrequently performed due to time and cost constraints and a suitable alternative technology is required for routine assessment of stent expansion. The purpose of this study was to assess the contribution of NCB post-dilation in optimizing contemporary stents by using digital stent enhancement (DSE). Methods: We treated 120 patients with stent insertion and assessed the stents with DSE before and after NCB use. Optimal expansion was defined as the minimum stent diameter (MSD)≥. 90% of the nominal stent diameter, an adaptation of the MUSIC and POSTIT trial criteria. Stent deployment was performed at 12. atm pressure followed by routine NCB post-dilation at ≥. 14. atm. Results: The mean reference diameter on QCA was 2.75. mm (SD 0.63) and mean stent diameter was 3.15. mm (SD 0.46). At a mean stent deployment pressure of 11.7. atm (SD 2.4), only 21% of stents were optimally expanded. After NCB inflation at a mean of 16.9. atm (SD 2.8), MSD increased by 0.26. mm (SD 0.24), optimal stent expansion increased from 21% to 58% and mean stent symmetry ratio increased from 0.83 to 0.87 (p. <. 0.0001). Conclusions: Contemporary stents are sub-optimally expanded in the majority of cases after standard deployment compared with nominal sizes. Adjunctive NCB post-dilation optimized an additional 37% of stents. DSE analysis can assist in qualitative and quantitative stent assessments and can potentially facilitate a selective NCB post-dilation strategy to achieve optimal stent expansion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-48
Number of pages6
JournalIJC Heart and Vessels
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2014
Externally publishedYes


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