Efficient ceria nanostructures for enhanced solar fuel production: Via high-temperature thermochemical redox cycles

Xiang Gao, Alejandro Vidal, Alicia Bayon, Roman Bader, Jim Hinkley, Wojciech Lipiński*, Antonio Tricoli

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    51 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Syngas synthesis by solar energy-driven two-step thermochemical redox cycles is a promising approach for large-scale industrial production of renewable fuels. A key challenge is developing durable materials capable of providing and sustaining high redox kinetics under harsh environmental conditions required for efficient operation. Here, we demonstrate that nanostructured ceria with a high surface area and porosity can significantly enhance the initial and long-term syngas production performance. Three types of ceria morphologies were synthesised and comparatively investigated against commercial powders in two-step thermochemical redox cycles, namely nanostructured flame-made and flower-like agglomerates and sol-gel sub-micro particles. Their syngas production performance was assessed in terms of redox kinetics, conversion stoichiometry and structural stability. The flame-made ceria nano-powders had up to 191%, 167% and 99% higher initial average production rates than the flower-like, commercial and sol-gel ceria powders, respectively. This resulted in the highest H2 (480 μmol min-1 g-1) and CO (230 and 340 μmol min-1 g-1) production rates and redox capacity (Δδ = 0.25) so far reported for ceria. Notably, the grain morphology played a key role in the long-term performance and while the redox kinetics of the flower-like ceria rapidly decreased below that of the commercial powders, the flame-made agglomerates maintained up to 57% higher average production rate until the last cycle. These findings show that the thermochemical stabilisation of nano-scale structural features, observed in the flame-made agglomerates, is key to engineering efficient materials for enhanced thermochemical solar fuel production.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)9614-9624
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
    Volume4
    Issue number24
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

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