Establishment of a root proteome reference map for the model legume Medicago truncatula using the expressed sequence tag database for peptide mass fingerprinting

Ulrike Mathesius, Guido Keijzers, Siria H.A. Natera, Jeremy J. Weinman, Michael A. Djordjevic, Barry G. Rolfe*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    196 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We have established a proteome reference map for Medicago truncatula root proteins using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis combined with peptide mass fingerprinting to aid the dissection of nodulation and root developmental pathways by proteome analysis. M. truncatula has been chosen as a model legume for the study of nodulation-related genes and proteins. Over 2500 root proteins could be displayed reproducibly across an isoelectric focussing range of 4-7. We analysed 485 proteins by peptide mass fingerprinting, and 179 of those were identified by matching against the current M. truncatula expressed sequence tag (EST) database containing DNA sequences of approximately 105 000 ESTs. Matching the EST sequences to available plant DNA sequences by BLAST searches enabled us to predict protein function. The use of the EST database for peptide identification is discussed. The majority of identified proteins were metabolic enzymes and stress response proteins, and 44% of proteins occurred as isoforms, a result that could not have been predicted from sequencing data alone. We identified two nodulins in uninoculated root tissue, supporting evidence for a role of nodulins in normal plant development. This proteome map will be updated continuously (http://semele.anu.edu.au/2d/2d.html) and will be a powerful tool for investigating the molecular mechanisms of root symbioses in legumes.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1424-1440
    Number of pages17
    JournalProteomics
    Volume1
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2001

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