Experimentally determined stability of alkali amphibole in metasomatised dunite at sub-arc pressures

Cassian Pirard*, Jörg Hermann

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    41 Citations (Scopus)


    The phase and melting relationships of olivine mixed with 25 % of hydrous felsic slab melt have been determined in piston-cylinder experiments between 2.5 and 4.5 GPa and 800 to 1,050 °C to constrain metasomatic processes in the mantle wedge above subduction zones. At sub-solidus conditions, olivine, orthopyroxene, phlogopite, a Na-rich amphibole and an aqueous fluid are present. Na-rich amphibole is still observed at 950 °C at 4.5 GPa, providing evidence that this hydrous phase might be stable at sub-arc depths in an alkali-rich, Ca-poor mantle wedge. The maximum temperature stability is reached at 1,000 °C at 3.5 GPa, where amphibole coexists with hydrous melt. A sodium-rich phlogopite is stable over the whole range of P–T conditions investigated. At 2.5 GPa, 850 °C, aspidolite (Na analogue of phlogopite) has been observed as a sodium-bearing phase in the peridotite. The wet solidus in the metasomatised dunite lies between 850 and 900 °C at 2.5 GPa and between 950 and 975 °C at 3.5 GPa. At 4.5 GPa, melting relations are ambiguous and no clear solidus was found. The consumption of amphibole and minor phlogopite at the wet solidus produced Na- and H2O-rich phonolitic melts. The presence of phlogopite and sodic amphibole in the metasomatised dunite has implications on alkali and water storage in the part of the mantle wedge that is coupled to the down-going slab and might play a role on alkali and trace element recycling through arc magmatism.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number1
    JournalContributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 17 Jan 2015


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