Few-cycle optical solitary waves in nonlinear dispersive media

Sh Amiranashvili*, U. Bandelow, N. Akhmediev

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    37 Citations (Scopus)


    We study the propagation of few-cycle optical solitons in nonlinear media with an anomalous, but otherwise arbitrary, dispersion and a cubic nonlinearity. Our approach does not derive from the slowly varying envelope approximation. The optical field is derived directly from Maxwell's equations under the assumption that generation of the third harmonic is a nonresonant process or at least cannot destroy the pulse prior to inevitable linear damping. The solitary wave solutions are obtained numerically up to nearly single-cycle duration using the spectral renormalization method originally developed for the envelope solitons. The theory explicitly distinguishes contributions between the essential physical effects such as higher-order dispersion, self-steepening, and backscattering, as well as quantifies their influence on ultrashort optical solitons.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number013805
    JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 4 Jan 2013


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