First SHRIMP U-Pb and 40 Ar/ 39 Ar chronological results from impact melt breccia from the Paleoproterozoic Dhala impact structure, India

Jayanta Kumar Pati, Fred Jourdan, Richard Austin Armstrong, Wolf Uwe Reimold, Kuldeep Prakash

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    Abstract

    The ∼11-km-wide Dhala impact structure, in north-central India, is located in Archean granitoids of the Bundelkhand craton and is partially exposed beneath Paleoproterozoic sediments belonging to the Vindhyan Supergroup, which place the age of the structure between ca. 2.5 Ga and ca. 1.7 Ga. Field mapping and extensive drill-core observations show that an originally coherent impact melt sheet up to 130 m thick was spread over more than 12 km 2 . Confirmation of the impact origin of the structure is based on the recognition of diagnostic shock metamorphic features in clasts in impact melt rock. In order to better constrain the age of the impact event, a geochronological study was undertaken of the Dhala impact melt breccia, involving 40 Ar/ 39 Ar step-heating and sensitive high-resolution ion microprobe (SHRIMP) U-Pb dating techniques that were applied to surface and subsurface samples. The U-Pb data for two samples yield ages of 2563 Ma and 2553 Ma, which indicate the age of the granitoid basement. The 40 Ar/ 39 Ar experiments resulted in partial plateau ages that indicate that the Dhala impact melt rock was affected by a strong thermal/hydrothermal overprint at ca. 1 Ga. SHRIMP U-Pb ages for two zircon overgrowths indicate a ca. 530 Ma event that could have contributed to the post-impact resetting of the impact melt rock. The results indicate a common problem experienced when attempting to date small-to moderately sized impact events. Further analysis is planned.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)571-591
    Number of pages21
    JournalSpecial Paper of the Geological Society of America
    Volume465
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

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