Gender differences in willingness to compete: The role of culture and institutions

Alison Booth, Elliott Fan, Xin Meng*, Dandan Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    43 Citations (Scopus)


    Our Beijing-based laboratory experiment investigated gender differences in competitive choices across different birth-cohorts experiencing – during their crucial developmental-age – different institutions and social norms. To control for general time trends, we use Taipei counterpart subjects with identical original Confucian traditions. Our findings confirm that exposure to different institu-tions/norms during crucial developmental-ages significantly changes individuals’ behaviour. In particular, Beijing females growing up during the communist regime are more competitively inclined than their male counterparts; their female counterparts growing up during the market regime; and Taipei females. For Taipei, there are no statistically significant cohort or gender differences in willingness to compete.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)734-764
    Number of pages31
    JournalEconomic Journal
    Issue number618
    Publication statusPublished - 2019


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