Gender in a land-based theology

Matt Tomlinson*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    In Fijian Methodist discourse, the vanua (land and people) is often characterised as the foundation of the traditional order and all it entails. Indigenous theologians attend to the vanua in novel ways, especially as it is paired in a half-complementary, half-oppositional way to Christianity. The question of whether the vanua might be understood in gendered terms highlights a gap between theoretically universal values and practically patriarchal norms. In this article, I discuss several innovative thinkers on this subject: (1) women in the 'Weavers' theological collective; (2) the Methodist theologian and former church President Ilaitia Sevati Tuwere; and (3) a female Methodist minister, Tima, whom I interviewed in 2009. I focus especially on Tuwere's description of the 'feminine face' of the vanua and Tima's continual and wrenching conflict with the church's male-dominated hierarchy. Whereas Tuwere uses a quasi-feminist Christian theology to reconcile Christianity and the vanua in terms of gender, Tima implies that her experiences of conflict with older men demonstrate how Christianity and the vanua might not be fully reconcilable.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)79-91
    Number of pages13
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2015


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