Geographic bias in citation rates of conservation research

Erik Meijaard, Marcel Cardillo, Emily M. Meijaard, Hugh P. Possingham

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    35 Citations (Scopus)


    We investigated whether the impact of conservation science is greater for research conducted in countries with more pressing conservation problems. We quantified research impact for 231 countries based on 2 citation metrics (mean cites per paper and h index) and fitted models predicting research impact based on number of threatened bird and mammal species (as a measure of conservation importance of a country) and a range of demographic variables. Citation rates of conservation research increased as a country's conservation need increased and as human population, quality of governance, and wealth increased. Even after accounting for these factors, citation rates among regions and countries within regions varied significantly. The conservation research community needs to consider ways to begin addressing the entrenched disadvantages some countries have when it comes to initiating projects and producing high-quality research.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)920-925
    Number of pages6
    JournalConservation Biology
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2015


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