Hi vs. Ciao: NSM as a tool for cross-linguistic pragmatics

Gian Marco Farese*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    9 Citations (Scopus)


    This paper presents the results of the semantic analysis of two salutations, Hi (English) and Ciao (Italian), made adopting the methodology of the Natural Semantic Metalanguage. The analysis is aimed at making two points: first, that "greetings" have a proper semantic content consisting of expressed attitudes and feelings which can be described in simple, cross-translatable words; second, that salutations are not only performed differently, but also conceived differently across languages and this can create potential cases of miscommunication in cross-cultural interactions. To show this, the interactional meaning of Hi is compared with that of Ciao; two different semantic explications are proposed in order to capture various aspects of their meaning emerging from linguistic evidence. The implications for cross-linguistic pragmatics are also discussed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-17
    Number of pages17
    JournalJournal of Pragmatics
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2015


    Dive into the research topics of 'Hi vs. Ciao: NSM as a tool for cross-linguistic pragmatics'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this