TY - JOUR

T1 - How the choice of model dielectric function affects the calculated observables

AU - Vos, Maarten

AU - Grande, Pedro L.

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier B.V.

PY - 2017/9/15

Y1 - 2017/9/15

N2 - It is investigated how the model used to describe a dielectric function (i.e. a Mermin, Drude, Drude–Lindhard, Levine–Louie with relaxation time dielectric function) affects the interpretation of a REELS experiment, the calculation of the electron inelastic mean free path as well proton stopping and straggling. Three dielectric functions are constructed that are based on different models describing a metal, but have identical loss functions in the optical limit. A loss function with the same shape, but half the amplitude, is used to derive four different model dielectric functions for an insulator. From these dielectric functions we calculate the differential inverse mean free path, the mean free path itself, as well as the stopping force and straggling for protons. The similarity of the underlying physics between proton stopping, straggling and the electron inelastic mean free path is stressed by describing all three in terms of the differential inverse inelastic mean free path. To further highlight the reason why observed quantities depend on the model dielectric function used we study partial differential inverse inelastic mean free paths, i.e. those obtained by integrating over only a limited range of momentum transfers. In this way it becomes quite transparent why the observable quantities depend on the choice of model dielectric function.

AB - It is investigated how the model used to describe a dielectric function (i.e. a Mermin, Drude, Drude–Lindhard, Levine–Louie with relaxation time dielectric function) affects the interpretation of a REELS experiment, the calculation of the electron inelastic mean free path as well proton stopping and straggling. Three dielectric functions are constructed that are based on different models describing a metal, but have identical loss functions in the optical limit. A loss function with the same shape, but half the amplitude, is used to derive four different model dielectric functions for an insulator. From these dielectric functions we calculate the differential inverse mean free path, the mean free path itself, as well as the stopping force and straggling for protons. The similarity of the underlying physics between proton stopping, straggling and the electron inelastic mean free path is stressed by describing all three in terms of the differential inverse inelastic mean free path. To further highlight the reason why observed quantities depend on the model dielectric function used we study partial differential inverse inelastic mean free paths, i.e. those obtained by integrating over only a limited range of momentum transfers. In this way it becomes quite transparent why the observable quantities depend on the choice of model dielectric function.

KW - Dielectric function

KW - Inelastic mean free path

KW - Ion stopping

KW - Reflection electron energy loss spectroscopy

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85020732569&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.nimb.2017.05.064

DO - 10.1016/j.nimb.2017.05.064

M3 - Article

SN - 0168-583X

VL - 407

SP - 97

EP - 109

JO - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms

JF - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms

ER -