Intramolecular complexation in modified β-cyclodextrins: 1 a preparative, nuclear magnetic resonance and pH titration study

Michael J. Field*, Bruce L. May, Philip Clements, John Tsanaktsidis, Christopher J. Easton, Stephen F. Lincoln

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


The reactions of 4-nitrophenyl trinorbornane-2-acetate and 4-nitrophenyl noradamantane-1-carboxylate with 6A-(6-aminohexyIamino)-6A-deoxy-β-cyclodextrin l produce 6A-{6-(bicyclo[2.2.l]heptan-2-ylacetylamino)hexylamino}-6 A-deoxy-β-cyclodextrin 2 (pKa = 8.98) and 6A-deoxy-6A-{6-(tricyclo[ 3.7]nonan-3-ylcarbonylamino)-hexylamino}-β-cyclodextrin 4 (pKa = 8.47), respectively, in good yield together with 4-nitrophenolate. The reaction of 2,3-dimethyl-1,8-bis-(4-nitrophenoxycarbonyl)cubane with two moles of 1 produces dimeric 1,8-bis-[6-(6Adeoxy-β-cyclodextrin-6 A-ylamino)hexylaminocarbonyl]-2,3-dimethylcubane 7 (pK, = 8.80) in good yield together with two moles of 4-nitrophenolate. The pKa in brackets are those of the single protonated amine functions of 2 and 4, and of both protonated amine functions of 7 which have identical pATas [in each case at 298.2 K and I = 0.10 mol dm-3 (NaClO4)]. 1H NMR ROESY studies are consistent with the trinorbornyl, noradamantyl and dimethylcubyl entities of 2,4 and 7 complexing inside the βCD annuli in D2O at pD ≥ 11. Under the same conditions, adamantane-1-carboxylate forms intermolecular complexes with 2,4 and 7 and displaces their trinorbornyl, noradamantyl and the dimethylcubyl entities from the β-cyclodextrin annulus to varying degrees depending on the relative size, shape and hydrophobicity of these groups. These data are compared with those for analogous modified β-cyclodextrins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1251-1258
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 1
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes


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