Lithium-ion capacitors with 2D Nb2CTx (MXene) – carbon nanotube electrodes

Ayeong Byeon, Alexey M. Glushenkov, Babak Anasori, Patrick Urbankowski, Jingwen Li, Bryan W. Byles, Brian Blake, Katherine L. Van Aken, Sankalp Kota, Ekaterina Pomerantseva, Jae W. Lee, Ying Chen, Yury Gogotsi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

181 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is a growing interest to hybrid energy storage devices, such as lithium-ion capacitors, in which battery-type electrodes are combined with capacitor-type ones. It is anticipated that the energy density (either gravimetric or volumetric) of lithium-ion capacitors is improved if pseudocapacitive or fast insertion materials are used instead of conventional activated carbon (AC) in the capacitor-type electrode. MXenes, a new family of two-dimensional transition metal carbides, demonstrate metallic conductivity and fast charge-discharge behavior that make them suitable for this application. In this study, we move beyond single electrodes, half-cell studies and demonstrate three types of hybrid cells using Nb2CTx–carbon nanotube (CNT) films. It is shown that lithiated graphite/Nb2CTx-CNT, Nb2CTx-CNT/LiFePO4 and lithiated Nb2CTx-CNT/Nb2CTx-CNT cells are all able to operate within 3 V voltage windows and deliver capacities of 43, 24 and 36 mAh/g (per total weight of two electrodes), respectively. Moreover, the polarity of the electrodes can be reversed in the symmetric Nb2CTx-CNT cells from providing a positive potential between 0 and 3 V to a negative one from −3 to 0 V. It is shown that the volumetric energy density (50–70 Wh/L) of our first-generation devices with MXene electrodes exceeds that of a lithium titanate/AC capacitor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)686-694
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume326
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sept 2016
Externally publishedYes

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