Low temperature effects on grapevine photosynthesis: The role of inorganic phosphate

Luke Hendrickson, Soon Chow Wah, Robert T. Furbank*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    45 Citations (Scopus)


    The photosynthetic response of grapevine leaves (Vitis vinifera L. cv. Riesling) to low temperature was studied to determine the role of end-product limitation and orthophosphate (Pi) recycling to the chloroplast under these conditions. As reported previously, the response of photosynthesis in air to stomatal conductance declined at temperatures below 15°C, suggesting that at low temperatures inhibition of photosynthesis in grapevine has a strong non-stomatal component. Stimulation of carbon assimilation at ambient CO 2 by reducing O2 from 21 to 2 kPa, O2 declined to zero below 15°C, a phenomenon often associated with a restriction in photosynthesis due to end-product-synthesis limitation. This stimulation could be restored by feeding Pi. Photosynthesis in leaf disks at both high and low irradiances in non-photorespiratory conditions (1% CO2) was highly sensitive to reductions in temperature. Below 15°C, feeding P i caused a large stimulation of photosynthetic O2 evolution. Metabolite measurements indicated that despite a decline in Rubisco carbamylation state, ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate (RuBP) levels dropped at low temperature and the ratio of 3-phosphoglycerate (3-PGA) to triose phosphate (TP) remained largely unchanged. These results suggest that grapevine-leaf photosynthesis is severely restricted at low temperature by non-stomatal mechanisms. The return of Pi to the chloroplast plays an important role in this limitation but a coordinated set of regulatory processes maintain a homeostasis of phosphorylated sugar levels.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)789-801
    Number of pages13
    JournalFunctional Plant Biology
    Issue number8
    Publication statusPublished - 2004


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