Micromotion-enhanced fast entangling gates for trapped-ion quantum computing

Alexander K. Ratcliffe, Lachlan M. Oberg, Joseph J. Hope

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Radio-frequency-induced micromotion in trapped ion systems is typically minimized or circumvented to avoid off-resonant couplings for adiabatic processes such as multi-ion gate operations. Nonadiabatic entangling gates (so-called "fast gates") do not require resolution of specific motional sidebands and are, therefore, not limited to time scales longer than the trapping period. We find that fast gates designed for micromotion-free environments have a significantly reduced fidelity in the presence of micromotion. We show that when fast gates are designed to account for the radio-frequency-induced micromotion, they can, in fact, outperform fast gates in the absence of micromotion. The state-dependent force due to the laser induces energy shifts that are amplified by the state-independent forces producing the micromotion. This enhancement is present for all trapping parameters and is robust to realistic sources of experimental error. This result paves the way for fast two-qubit entangling gates on scalable two-dimensional architectures, where micromotion is necessarily present on at least one interion axis.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number052332
    JournalPhysical Review A
    Volume101
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - May 2020

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