Modelling the role of size, edge structure and terminations on the electronic properties of trigonal graphene nanoflakes

Hongqing Shi*, Amanda S. Barnard, Ian K. Snook

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Graphene nanoflakes provide a range of opportunities for engineering graphene for future applications, due to the large number of configurational degrees of freedom associated with the addition of different types of corners and edge states in the structure. Since these materials can, in principle, span the molecular to macroscale dimensions, the electronic properties may also be discrete or continuous, depending on the application in mind. However, since the widespread use of graphene nanoflakes will require them to be predictable, stable and robust against variations associated with some degree of structural polydispersivity, the development of a complete understanding of the relationship between structure, properties and property dispersion is essential. In this paper we used electronic structure computer simulations to model the thermodynamic, mechanical and electronic properties of trigonal graphene nanoflakes with acute (highly reactive) corners. We find that these acute corners introduce new features that are different to the obtuse corners characteristic of hexagonal graphene nanoflakes, as well as different electronic states in the vicinity of the Fermi level. The structure and properties are sensitive to size and functionalization, and may provide new insights into the engineering of graphene nanoflake components.

Original languageEnglish
Article number065707
JournalNanotechnology
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Feb 2012
Externally publishedYes

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