Movement and conformity interact to establish local behavioural traditions in animal populations

Marius Somveille*, Josh A. Firth, Lucy M. Aplin, Damien R. Farine, Ben C. Sheldon, Robin N. Thompson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The social transmission of information is critical to the emergence of animal culture. Two processes are predicted to play key roles in how socially-transmitted information spreads in animal populations: the movement of individuals across the landscape and conformist social learning. We develop a model that, for the first time, explicitly integrates these processes to investigate their impacts on the spread of behavioural preferences. Our results reveal a strong interplay between movement and conformity in determining whether locally-variable traditions establish across a landscape or whether a single preference dominates the whole population. The model is able to replicate a real-world cultural diffusion experiment in great tits Parus major, but also allows for a range of predictions for the emergence of animal culture under various initial conditions, habitat structure and strength of conformist bias to be made. Integrating social behaviour with ecological variation will be important for understanding the stability and diversity of culture in animals.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1006647
JournalPLoS Computational Biology
Volume14
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018
Externally publishedYes

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