Multipolar second-harmonic generation by Mie-resonant dielectric nanoparticles

Daria Smirnova, Alexander I. Smirnov, Yuri S. Kivshar

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    60 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    By combining analytical and numerical approaches, we study resonantly enhanced second-harmonic generation by individual high-index dielectric nanoparticles made of centrosymmetric materials. Considering both bulk and surface nonlinearities, we describe second-harmonic nonlinear scattering from a silicon nanoparticle optically excited in the vicinity of the magnetic and electric dipolar resonances. We discuss the contributions of different nonlinear sources and the effect of the low-order optical Mie modes on the characteristics of the generated far field. We demonstrate that the multipolar expansion of the radiated field is dominated by dipolar and quadrupolar modes (two axially symmetric electric quadrupoles, an electric dipole, and a magnetic quadrupole) and the interference of these modes can ensure directivity of the nonlinear scattering. The developed multipolar analysis can be instructive for interpreting the far-field measurements of the nonlinear scattering and it provides prospective insights into a design of complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor compatible nonlinear nanoantennas fully integrated with silicon-based photonic circuits, as well as methods of nonlinear diagnostics.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalPhysical Review A
    Volume97
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 4 Jan 2018

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