Nonelectrostatic ionic forces between dissimilar surfaces: A mechanism for colloid separation

Drew F. Parsons*, Barry W. Ninham

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    22 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The interaction between two dissimilar surfaces across an electrolyte is re-examined. The focus is on effects of ion-specific dispersion forces missing from classical electrostatic double-layer theory. The pressure between two flat surfaces is derived by two alternate methods (midpoint and whole domain approaches). Significant differences emerge from expectations of classical theory. These are illustrated by model interactions across electrolytes of mica and oil-like surfaces. A novel consequence that emerges from inclusion of ionic dispersion forces is the possible separation of mixed colloidal suspensions at moderate (0.1 M) concentrations of divalent salt. Repulsion between the model oil and mica surfaces is found to be due to entropic repulsion driven by high adsorption of both counterions and co-ions at the mica surface. Co-ion adsorption is a consequence of electric field reversal ("charge reversal"), caused by attractive ionic dispersion interactions of the counterion to the mica surface. Charge reversal is also found with monovalent electrolyte but only at impracticably high concentrations.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)7782-7792
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
    Volume116
    Issue number14
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 12 Apr 2012

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