Objective perimetry and progression of multiple sclerosis

Ted Maddess*, Corinne F. Carle, Emilie M.F. Rohan, Jonathan Baird-Gunning, Josh P. van Kleef, Christian J. Lueck

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Introduction: We re-examined the per-region response amplitudes and delays obtained from multifocal pupillographic objective perimetry (mfPOP) after 10 years in 44 persons living with multiple sclerosis (PwMS), both to examine which parts of the visual field had progressed in terms of response properties and to examine if the baseline data could predict the overall progression of disease. Methods: Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) scores were assessed in 2009 and 2019. Both eyes of each participant were concurrently tested at 44 locations/eye on both occasions. Several measures of clinical progression were examined, using logistic regression to determine the odds of progression. Results: At the second examination the 44 PwMS (31 females) were aged 61.0 ± 12.2 y. Mean EDSS had not changed significantly (3.69 ± 1.23 in 2009, 3.81 ± 2.00 in 2019). mfPOP delay increased progressively from inferior to superior regions of the visual fields while amplitudes demonstrated a temporal to nasal gradient. The mean of the 3 most delayed visual field regions was correlated with progression of MS by 2019 (p = 0.023). Logistic regression indicated a significant association between delay and odds of progression (p = 0.045): an individual with 3 regions at least 1 SD (40 ms) slower than the mean in 2009 had 2.05× (±SE: 1.43× to 2.95×) the odds of progression by 2019. A 1 SD shorter delay was associated with 2.05× lower odds of progression. Amplitude changes were not predictive of progression. Significance: mfPOP may provide a rapid, convenient method of monitoring and predicting MS progression.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number100430
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


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