Observation of Acceleration of H i Clouds within the Fermi Bubbles

Felix J. Lockman*, Enrico M.Di Teodoro, N. M. McClure-Griffiths

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    25 Citations (Scopus)


    The ∼200 H i clouds observed to be entrained in the Fermi bubble wind show a trend of increasing maximum with Galactic latitude. We analyze previous observations and present new data from the Green Bank Telescope that rule out systematic effects as the source of this phenomenon. Instead, it is likely evidence for acceleration of the clouds. The data suggest that clouds in the lower 2 kpc of the Fermi bubbles, within the bubble boundaries established from X-ray studies, have an outflow velocity that rises from ≈150 to 200 close to the Galactic center and reaches 330 at a distance of 2.5-3.5 kpc. These parameters are also consistent with the kinematics of ultraviolet absorption lines from highly ionized species observed against two targets behind the Fermi bubbles at b =-6.°6 and b = +11.°2. The implied neutral cloud lifetime is 4-10 Myr.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number51
    JournalAstrophysical Journal
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020


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