Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, W. H. Knox

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    227 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We observe polarization-locked vector solitons in a mode-locked fiber laser. Temporal vector solitons have components along both birefringent axes. Despite different phase velocities due to linear birefringence, the relative phase of the components is locked at ±π/2. The value of ±π/2 and component magnitudes agree with a simple analysis of the Kerr nonlinearity. These fragile phase-locked vector solitons have been the subject of much theoretical conjecture, but have previously eluded experimental observation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3988-3991
    Number of pages4
    JournalPhysical Review Letters
    Volume82
    Issue number20
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1999

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