Optical-infrared ANDICAM observations of the transient associated with GRB 030329

J. S. Bloom*, P. G. Van Dokkum, C. D. Bailyn, M. M. Buxton, S. R. Kulkarni, B. P. Schmidt

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    27 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We present photometry of the transient associated with γ-burst (GRB) 030329 obtained with the Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory 1.3 meter telescope and the ANDICAM instrument, a dual optical/infrared imager. Without the need for light-curve interpolation to produce snapshot broadband spectra, we show that the transient spectrum remained statistically achromatic from day 2.7 to day 5.6, during a rebrightening episode. Associating the light in these early epochs with the GRB afterglow, we infer a modest level of extinction due to the host galaxy in the line of sight toward the GRB: AV(host) = 0.30 ± 0.03 mag for β = -0.5 and AV(host) < 0.4 mag (3 σ) for any physically plausible value of β (with flux fv α λ). We conclude that the spectral slope of the afterglow component was more than β = -0.8 between day 2.7 and 5.6 after the GRB, excluding the possibility that the synchrotron cooling break passed through the optical/IR bandpass over that period. Taking extinction into account, a decomposition of the light curve into an afterglow and supernova component requires the presence of a supernova (SN) similar to that of SN 1998bw, an afterglow that shows some evidence for a second break around day 8-10, and a fifth rebrightening event around day 15. Assuming a SN 1988bw-like evolution and a contemporaneous GRB and SN event, the peak SN brightness was MV = (-19.8 ± 0.4) - 5 log h65 mag.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)252-263
    Number of pages12
    JournalAstronomical Journal
    Volume127
    Issue number1 1777
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2004

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